James Woolley toured with Nine Inch Nails for four years, appearing with them at Woodstock ’94 and recording on their Broken EP and 1994’s The Downward Spiral (although he was not credited on either). He received a Best Metal Performance Grammy for “Happiness in Slavery” off the Woodstock ’94 compilation.
Before NIN, he was a contributor to the Chicago industrial band Die Warzau. Later he returned to join Die Warzau on their album Convenience and to play in 2wo (formed by Judas Priest vocalist Rob Halford) and his own project, VOID.
Writing about him following his death, his ex-wife Kate Van Buren said he “brought coolness to playing keyboards, which isn’t as easy to do as playing guitar or drums.”